Parents, according to criminal defense, are the people who are the legal parents and are responsible for the upbringing of one or more children. Adult household members that formerly or presently live together and are the natural parents of the same child should provide essential needs such as food, shelter and education to the child. This is also true for stepparents as well as adoptive parents that live with the child.
Child abuse is particularly sensitive in the law. That’s because the legal system operates under the assumption that the child or children have not reached the mental capacity that allows them to take care of themselves. While the law allows parents to discipline their children through confinement, spanking, or restriction to some privileges, some acts against children are considered criminal. If the guardian, parent, or child care giver commits any acts of violence or sexual abuse, it is punishable in a court of law.
The courts consider the reasonableness of a disciplinary action to be based on factors such as the severity of the actions, the age of the child, and the extent of harm or any potential harm that the child suffered. They also consider the socio-cultural history of the family.