Violence among family members can be caused by a wide range of factors. It includes intimate partner abuse, child abuse, and elder abuse. Family violence is estimated to affect approximately 10 million people every year in the US alone. Factors that cause violence in families are mostly economic and psychological. Family violence can range from stalking to psychological aggression and physical violence by a member of the household against a victim of the same household.
It is often very difficult to identify family violence as it mostly goes unreported to legal authorities or health professionals. Family and domestic violence includes:
- Intimate partner violence
- Child abuse
- Elder abuse: Caregivers are restricted against acting in ways that intentionally lead to harm of an elder.
Family violence occurs in all ages, sexes, and races. It is not ;limited by geographic, education, religious, socioeconomic or cultural boundaries. It is often triggered by:
- Anger management issues
- Low self-esteem
- Cultural beliefs that one partner has the right to control their partners
- Psychological or personality disorder
- Abuse of alcohol and other drugs may cause impairment and violent impulses
- Family background (learned behavior)